How to Break Concrete with a Hydraulic Breaker

August 23, 2023

  Breaking concrete with a hydraulic breaker, also known as a hydraulic hammer, requires careful planning and execution to ensure safety and effectiveness. Here are the general steps involved in breaking concrete using a hydraulic breaker:

  Safety Precautions:

  Wear appropriate personal protective equipment (PPE), including safety glasses, ear protection, a hard hat, and sturdy work gloves.

  Clear the work area of any debris or obstacles that may pose a hazard.

  Ensure that there are no underground utilities or cables where you plan to break the concrete. If unsure, contact the relevant authorities for assistance.

  Assess the Concrete:

  Examine the concrete structure to determine its thickness, composition, and any reinforcement bars (rebar) that may be present. This information will help you choose the appropriate hydraulic breaker and plan the breaking process.

  Select the Right Hydraulic Breaker:

  Hydraulic breakers come in various sizes and types. Choose a hydraulic breaker that matches the size of your excavator or backhoe loader, ensuring it has sufficient power to break the concrete effectively.


  Position the excavator or backhoe loader equipped with the hydraulic breaker near the edge of the concrete area you want to break.

  Ensure that the hydraulic breaker is aligned with the area you wish to break and that it has sufficient clearance for operation.

  Adjust the Hydraulic Breaker Settings:

  Adjust the hydraulic breaker settings based on the hardness and thickness of the concrete. This may include adjusting the hydraulic pressure, impact frequency, and impact force.

  Start Breaking:

  Begin breaking the concrete by lowering the hydraulic breaker onto the surface of the concrete.

  Operate the hydraulic breaker using the controls in the excavator or backhoe loader cabin.

  Apply steady and controlled pressure on the hydraulic breaker, allowing the tool to break the concrete gradually.

  Breaking Technique:

  Start breaking the concrete at the edges or corners and work your way inward. This will help prevent the concrete from cracking in large, uncontrolled pieces.

  Move the hydraulic breaker in a systematic pattern, applying force to different areas of the concrete to break it evenly.

  Avoid staying in one spot for too long, as it can cause excessive heat buildup and reduce the effectiveness of the hydraulic breaker.

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  Remove Debris:

  Once the concrete is broken into manageable pieces, use appropriate equipment (such as a loader or excavator bucket) to remove the debris from the work area.

  Dispose of the broken concrete according to local regulations and guidelines.

  Remember, breaking concrete with a hydraulic breaker can be hazardous. If you are not experienced or comfortable with this task, it is best to hire a professional contractor who specializes in concrete demolition and has the necessary equipment and expertise.